Tonight’s topic among others: http://www.commonsensegovernment.com/article-03-14-09.html and;
The Cycle is attributed to Alexander Tytler
From Bondage to spiritual faith;
From spiritual faith to great courage;
From courage to liberty;
From liberty to abundance;
From abundance to complacency;
From complacency to apathy;
From apathy to dependence;
From dependence back into bondage.”
suffix representing “ten” in cardinal numbers that are multiples of 10 (sixty, seventy, etc.), from Old English -tig, from a Germanic root (cognates: Old Saxon, Dutch -tig, Old Frisian -tich, Old Norse -tigr, Old High German -zug, German -zig) that existed as a distinct word in Gothic (tigjus) and Old Norse (tigir) meaning “tens, decades.” Compare tithe (n.)…
1. One who claims or asserts a legal title. Obs.
His meaning was..to lay down sincerly what..might iustly be alleaged in fauour or disfauour of euery tytler.
1595 W. Allen et al. Conf. Next Succession Crowne of Ingland ii. Pref. sig. Qiv v, and;
early 14c., from Old French empire “rule, authority, kingdom, imperial rule” (11c.), from Latin imperium “a rule, a command; authority, control, power; supreme power, sole dominion; military authority; a dominion, realm,” from imperare “to command,” from assimilated form of in- “in” (see in- (2)) + parare “to order, prepare” (see pare).
[P]roperly an empire is an aggregate of conquered, colonized, or confederated states, each with its own government subordinate or tributary to that of the empire as a whole. [Century Dictionary]
c. 1300, “condition of a serf or slave,” from Anglo-Latin bondagium, from Middle English bond “a serf, tenant farmer,” from Old English bonda “householder,” from Old Norse boandi “free-born farmer,” noun use of present participle of boa “dwell, prepare, inhabit,” from PIE *bhow-, from root *bheue- “to be, exist, dwell” (see be). Meaning in English changed by influence of bond. The sexual sado-masochism sense is recorded by 1966.
“a human being,” 1530s, from human (adj.). Its Old English equivalent, guma, survives only in disguise in bridegroom.
Old English webb “woven fabric, woven work, tapestry,” from Proto-Germanic *wabjam “fabric, web” (cognates: Old Saxon webbi, Old Norse vefr, Dutch webbe, Old High German weppi, German gewebe “web”), from PIE *webh- “to weave” (see weave (v.)).
late Old English smeart “painful, severe, stinging; causing a sharp pain,” related to smeortan (see smart (v.)). Meaning “executed with force and vigor” is from c. 1300. Meaning “quick, active, clever” is attested from c. 1300, from the notion of “cutting” wit, words, etc., or else “keen in bargaining.” Meaning “trim in attire” first attested 1718, “ascending from the kitchen to the drawing-room c. 1880” [Weekley]. For sense evolution, compare sharp (adj.).
In reference to devices, the sense of “behaving as though guided by intelligence” (as in smart bomb) first attested 1972. Smarts “good sense, intelligence,” is first recorded 1968 (Middle English had ingeny “intellectual capacity, cleverness” (early 15c.)). Smart cookie is from 1948.
“sharp pain,” c. 1200, from sharp (adj.). Cognate with Middle Dutch smerte, Dutch smart, Old High German smerzo, German Schmerz “pain.”
Old English smeortan “be painful,” from Proto-Germanic *smarta- (cognates: Middle Dutch smerten, Dutch smarten, Old High German smerzan, German schmerzen “to pain,” originally “to bite”), from PIE *smerd- “pain,” an extension of the root *mer- (2) “to rub; to harm” (cognates: Greek smerdnos “terrible, dreadful,” Sanskrit mardayati “grinds, rubs, crushes,” Latin mordere “to bite”). Related: Smarted; smarting.
late 14c., from Old French cocatriz, altered (by influence of coq) from Late Latin *calcatrix, from Latin calcare “to tread” (from calx (1) “heel;” see calcaneous), as translation of Greek ikhneumon, literally “tracker, tracer.”
In classical writings, an Egyptian animal of some sort, the mortal enemy of the crocodile, which it tracks down and kills. This vague sense became hopelessly confused in the Christian West, and in England the word ended up applied to the equivalent of the basilisk.
A serpent hatched from a cock’s egg, it was fabled to kill by its glance and could be slain only by tricking it into seeing its own reflection. Belief in them persisted even among the educated because the word was used in the KJV several times to translate a Hebrew word for “serpent.” In heraldry, a beast half cock, half serpent. Lunatic an idiot or Defined by the Lunacy Act, 1890, s. 341, as person of unsound mind.” The word is used to denote (1) a person who has attacks of intermittent insanity separated by lucid intervals, or suffers from delusions
(2) a person who from unsoundness of mind is incapable of managing himself or his affairs, and has been found so by inquisition ; and (3) a person detained in an asylum on account of unsoundness of mind. See the Lunacy Acts, 1890, 1891, 1908, and 1922.
Chancellor, Lord High. The chief judicial officer in the British
He is appointed by the delivery of the Great Seal, of
Constitution. which lie is the keeper. He is a Privy Counsellor and acts as Speaker the House of Lords, where he sits on the Woolsack. He is the
President of the House of Lords sitting as the final Court of Appeal, of
the Chancery Division, and of the Court of Appeal. He appoints the
justices of the peace and the County Court Judges, and nominates the
Judges of the High Court except the Lord Chief Justice. He is a
Cabinet Minister his salary is 10,000 per annum, with a pension of
5,000 per annum. Originally he was an ecclesiastic who acted as
King’s Secretary. He is accordingly keeper of the King’s conscience,
the patron of the King’s livings, visitor of colleges and hospitals of
Royal foundation, and the guardian of infants and lunatics. He may
not be a Roman Catholic.