d. The safety of an organization, establishment, or building from espionage, criminal activity, illegal entrance or escape, etc.
4. The quality of being firmly fixed or attached; stability, fixity.
a. Property, etc., deposited or pledged by or on behalf of a person as a guarantee of the payment of a debt, and liable to forfeit in the event of default.
1535 Bible (Coverdale) Job xxii. 6 Thou hast taken the pledge from thy brethren for naught, and robbed the naked of their clothinge.
1. Not genuine, intrinsic, natural, or spontaneous; inauthentic; artificially created or developed; made up for a particular occasion or purpose; arising from custom, habit, or convention.
2. Made by human beings, often in imitation of something natural; artificial; manufactured. Now rare.
a. Artificial as opposed to natural (obs.).
Commentaries on the Laws of England
1. The action of forgiving; pardon of a fault, remission of a debt, etc. †In Old English also: Indulgent permission.The etymological sense, ‘condition or fact of being forgiven’, is not clearly evidenced even in Old English, though in expressions like ‘the forgiveness of sins’ the word may admit of being thus interpreted.
LAW, noun [Latin lex; from the root of lay. See lay. A law is that which is laid, set or fixed, like statute, constitution, from Latin statuo.]
1. A rule, particularly an established or permanent rule, prescribed by the supreme power of a state to its subjects, for regulating their actions, particularly their social actions. Laws are imperative or mandatory, commanding what shall be done; prohibitory, restraining from what is to be forborn; or permissive, declaring what may be done without incurring a penalty. The laws which enjoin the duties of piety and morality, are prescribed by God and found in the Scriptures.
JOHN 10:34 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods?
The Law [pdf]
The law perverted! The law—and, in its wake, all the collective forces of the nation—the law, I say, not only diverted from its proper direction, but made to pursue one entirely contrary! The law become the tool of every kind of avarice, instead of being its check! The law guilty of that very iniquity which it was its mission to punish! Truly, this is a serious fact, if it exists, and one to which I feel bound to call the attention of my fellow citizens.
Self-preservation and development is the common aspiration of all men, in such a way that if every one enjoyed the free exercise of his faculties and the free disposition of their fruits, social progress would be incessant, uninterrupted, inevitable. But there is also another disposition which is common to them. This is to live and to develop, when they can, at the expense of one another. This is no rash imputation, emanating from a gloomy, uncharitable spirit. History bears witness to the truth of it, by the incessant wars, the migrations of races, sectarian oppressions, the universality of slavery, the frauds in trade, and the monopolies with which its annals abound. This fatal disposition has its origin in the very constitution of man—in that primitive, and universal, and invincible sentiment that urges it towards its well-being, and makes it seek to escape pain.
Man can only derive life and enjoyment from a perpetual search and appropriation; that is, from a perpetual application of his faculties to objects, or from labor. This is the origin of property.
But also he may live and enjoy, by seizing and appropriating the productions of the faculties of his fellow men. This is the origin of plunder.
Many Failed Efforts to Count Nation’s Federal Criminal Laws
“You will have died and resurrected three times,” and still be trying to figure out the answer, said Ronald Gainer, a retired Justice Department official.
Wall Street Journal
I. The condition or attribute of living or being alive; animate existence. Opposed to death or inanimate existence.
e. The property resembling animate existence said to be possessed by inanimate material as a result of an artistic process.
1917, “outward or social personality,” a Jungian psychology term, from Latin persona “person” (see person). Used earlier (1909) by Ezra Pound in the sense “literary character representing voice of the author.” Persona grata is Late Latin, literally “an acceptable person,” originally applied to diplomatic representatives acceptable to the governments to which they were sent; hence also persona non grata (plural personæ non gratæ).
A Lawyers Oath The Louisiana Supreme Court
I,SOLEMNLY SWEAR OR AFFIRM
I will support the Constitution of the United States // and the Constitution of the State of Louisiana; I will maintain // the respect due to courts of justice // and judicial officers; I will not counsel or maintain // any suit or proceeding // which shall appear to me to be unjust // nor any defense // except such // as I believe to be honestly debatable // under the law of the land; I will employ // for the purpose of maintaining // the causes confided to me // such means // only as are consistent with truth and honor // and will never seek // to mislead the judge or jury // by any artifice or false statement // of fact or law; I will maintain the confidence // and preserve inviolate // the secrets of my client // and will accept no compensation // in connection with a client’s business // except from the client // or with the client’s knowledge and approval; To opposing parties and their counsel, // I pledge fairness, // integrity, // and civility, // not only in court, // but also in all written // and oral communications; I will abstain from all offensive personality // and advance no fact // prejudicial to the honor or reputation // of a party or witness // unless required by the justice of the cause // with which I
am charged; I will never reject // from any consideration // personal to myself // the cause of the defenseless or oppressed // or delay any person’s cause // for lucre or malice.
SO HELP ME GOD!
SMART – (n.) “sharp pain,” c.1200, from sharp (adj.). Cognate with Middle Dutch smerte, Dutch smart, Old High German smerzo, German Schmerz “pain.”
SMART – (adj.) From late Old English smeart “painful, severe, stinging; causing a sharp pain,” related to smeortan (see smart (v.)). Meaning “executed with force and vigor” is from c.1300. Meaning “quick, active, clever” is attested from c.1300, from the notion of “cutting” wit, words, etc., or else “keen in bargaining.” Meaning “trim in attire” first attested 1718, “ascending from the kitchen to the drawing-room c.1880” [Weekley]. For sense evolution, compare sharp (adj.). In reference to devices, the sense of “behaving as though guided by intelligence” (as in smart bomb) first attested 1972. Smarts “good sense, intelligence,” is first recorded 1968. Smart cookie is from 1948.
SMARTEN – (v.) “to make smart, to spruce up, to improve appearance,” 1786, from smart (adj.) in its sense of “spruce, trim” + -en (1). Related: Smartened; smartening.
Proverbs 11:15 King James Version (KJV)
15 He that is surety for a stranger shall smart for it: and he that hateth suretiship is sure.
c. 1600, “sameness, oneness, state of being the same,” from Middle French identité (14c.), from Medieval Latin identitatem (nominative identitas) “sameness,” ultimately from Latin idem (neuter) “the same” (see idem). [For discussion of Latin formation, see entry in OED.] Earlier form of the word in English was idemptitie (1560s), from Medieval Latin idemptitas. Term identity crisis first recorded 1954. Identity theft attested from 1995.
In the ancient Roman calendar (Julian and pre-Julian): the third of the three marker days in each month, notionally the day of the full moon, which divides the month in half, i.e. the 15th of March, May, July, October, and the 13th of the other months.
The Ides of each month was sacred to Jupiter, the Romans’ supreme deity. The Flamen Dialis, Jupiter’s high priest, led the “Ides sheep” (ovis Idulius) in procession along the Via Sacra to the arx, where it was sacrificed.
Scullard, H.H. Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic. p. 43. [wikipedia]
I.D n. identification, identity (card).
1. Being, existence, as opposed to non-existence; the existence, as distinguished from the qualities or relations, of anything.
4. indefinitely. What exists; ‘being’ generally.
a. The quality or condition of being the same in substance, composition, nature, properties, or in particular qualities under consideration; absolute or essential sameness; oneness.
d. The selfsame thing. Obs. rare
a. The sameness of a person or thing at all times or in all circumstances; the condition of being a single individual; the fact that a person or thing is itself and not something else; individuality, personality.
a. The action of taking into account, or fact of being taken into account; regard, account.
5. Something given in payment; a reward, remuneration; a compensation, equivalent.
7. In law, the reason which moves a contracting party to enter into an agreement; the material cause of a contract; the price or motive of a stipulation. In all contracts, each party gives something in exchange for what he receives.
I. Senses relating to counting, enumerating, or calculating numerically.
1. Counting, reckoning, enumeration; computation, calculation; (also) a style or mode of reckoning; an amount established by counting. Now chiefly in money of account: see money (n. 2.)
the form assumed by the prefix en- prefix1 (q.v.) before b, p, and (frequently) m. For the reasons stated under en- prefix1, nearly all the English words with this prefix, whether of Romanic or English formation, have (or formerly had) alternative forms with im– prefix1.
a. em– + (n.,) ‘to put (something) into or upon what is denoted by the n.’; also ‘to put what is denoted by the n. into’ (something).
assimilated form of in- prefix2, before b, m, p. This assimilation took place in Latin during the later classical period, and remains in French and English (although in- (en-) was not infrequent before p in Old French and Middle English). In words that survived in living use, Latin in-, im- became in Old French en-, em-.
1. trans. To graft, engraft. Obs.
b. In fig. context, applied to persons. Obs.
2. A subaltern or puny devil.
6. nonce-use. To mock like an imp or demon.
“junior military officer,” 1680s, earlier more generally, “person of inferior rank” (c. 1600), noun use of adjective subaltern “having an inferior position, subordinate” (1580s), from Middle French subalterne, from Late Latin subalternus, from Latin sub “under” (see sub-) + alternus “every other (one), one after the other” (see alternate (adj.)).
P, (n.) Rho is the 17th letter of the Greek alphabet – It is derived from Phoenician letter res (Resh) “head”
Hebrew: The letter Resh symbolises a bowed head. This is said to depict the poor man (raash), in acknowledgment of his state of servitude.
According to the Talmud (Oral Law), the letter Resh denotes the word rashah, meaning ‘a wicked person‘.
oi, int. and n.2
Used to attract attention. Also used to express objection or annoyance.
loi nf (règle commune) (ruling) law (n.)
Eng: la loi Fre: the law
A kind of spade used in Ireland.
From Old French emploiier (12c.)
1. Plight, condition; = ply n. 1. rare.
Etymology: A borrowing from French. Etymons: French ploi.
A lawsuit or legal action; a dispute.
a. The action or fact of using or employing a person to perform a task, job, etc.; = employment n. 4a. Obs.
c. Following a possessive or with of: the state of being employed by a particular person, organization, etc.; the service of an employer.
3. An activity in which a person (or occas. thing) engages; a pursuit, an occupation.
1. The act of taking possession.
a. The action of taking or maintaining possession or control of a country, building, land, etc., esp. by (military) force; an instance of this; the period of such action; (also) the state of being subject to such action.
James 5 King James Version (KJV)
4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.
5 Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter.
6 Ye have condemned and killed the just; and he doth not resist you.
Matthew 27:3 King James Version (KJV)
3 Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders,